An Deg Gorhemmynn
AN DEG GORHEMMYNN - THE TEN COMMANDMENTS EKSODUS 20.1-17
[Modern version] THE TEN COMMANDMENTS, IN CORNISH. AN DEK GURAMINADOW DEW. Dew a cowzas an gerriow remma ha lavarraz tho ve an Arleth de Dew, neb a d'roz dez vez a'n tyr Mizraim, vez an c'hy gwasanaeth. Na ra chec gwas Dewyow eraill mez ve Na ra chee geil do de honan havalder trehez vyth, na havalder a'n travyth, es en nef a wartha, po en' oar a wollaz, po en dowr dadn an oar; na ra chee plegy an dor dothynz, na ge worry, rag tho ve an Arleth do Dew, on Dew a syr,t a dry pehazow an tazo war an fflehaz trelebba an tridga, ha padgwerra henath; nebma na ello pertha ve, ha disquethes truath do milliow neb' ez a cara ve, ha gwitha ow gurhemynadow. Na ra chee kymeraz hanno an Arleth de Dew heb otham, rag an Arleth na vedn sinzhy dipeh, neb es komeras e hanno en gwag. Periko tra chee gwitha sanz an dyth Sabbath, whey dythiow chee' wra wheel, ha' wra mens es deez do geil, mez an seithas dyth yw an Sabbath a'n Arleth de Dew, enna chee ma wra ehana wheel, chee, ha de mab, ha de merh, de gwaz, ha de maithez, de lodnow, ha dean uncouth lebes gyi de porthow. Rag en what dythyow, an Arheth a°wraz nef, ha'n oar, an mor, ha mens tra es ettans, ha powesas an seithvas deth, raghedna an Arleth a benigas an seithvas dyth ha rig geil e zanz. Gwra perthy de taz, ha de mam, mal de dythiow bethenz hyr war an tyr, neb an Arleth de Dew ryes dees. Na ra chee latha dean veth. Na ra chee gorwetha gen gwreg a'n dean arall. Na ra chee laddra. Na raz tiah gow warbidn de contrevak. Na ra chee gawas 'whanz warlyrgh chy de contrevak, na ras gawas chwanz warlyrgh gwreg de contrevak, na e doan wheel, na e moze wheal, na e udzheon, na e rounzan, na travyth peth yw e.
Arlwyth, kebmer* truath war a ny, ha screpha ol remma de arandow parth chy agan colonow, ny a peidgy thyz, an dellna ra bo.† * Kymer † War Matthew zans pen 19th Gwers, 16, 17, "Mar menta moaz heb dynath dho bew," &c.
1. John Boson.  Penzance MS. (ed. Nance, OC.V.9, 1958; yma dyllans gwell yn Padel, CWBF).  Yma dasskrif anodho yn skrif Ustick yn Gw. ff 96v, 97v, 98v. A DEG GWRA DEIU ) The Ten doings of God ) alias Ten Commandements. Deiu Cowsas Gerria ma ha lavaraz - Thom guz   Arleth Deiu Reg dro whei Meas vrt Tir Egypt   ha Meas vrt Chei an Kaithes Ist.  Na reau gauas Deiu veth aral buz ve. 2d.   Na reau gwra tha guz vonyn weal trehis vith na haval traveth en Neue avorra, na en Aor a wollas na en dour dadn an Aor, na reau pleghie dothans na worria dothans, Rag ve guz Arleth Deiu om Deiu guir a vonyn tha tralia Peha an Tazow vor an fleaz tha an Tridgia ha Padjurra hinneth vorn gi na el pertha ve, ha deskeutha Trueth da Milliow vorn gi es kara ve, ha gwitha gerria ve. 3d. Na reau Kamer Hanow guz Arleth Deiu en Ganow heb ortham, Rag na vedn an Arleth sendg e heb Pe ra kamer e hanow en ganow heb ortham 4th. Kova tha gwitha benigas De Zil, weeah Jorna Ra whei gwra weal, ha gwra menz es thees tha guil, buz an sithas deth eu Zil benigas guz Arleth Deiu ena ha ra whei gwra ehal weal, whei na guz mab na Mer na guz dean weal na Moas weal na guz Chattell na an vnthut bar guz dariow Rag en wheeah Jorna an Arleth gwraza Neue an Aor a More, ha menz es ena ha pouesas an Sithas deth Rag hedda an Arleth Benaz an Sithas deth ha Sonaz a 5. Worria guz Seera ha Dama el guz Dethiow beth pel vor an Tir es res thees gen guz Arleth Deiu 6th. Na reau Latha Mab Dean 7th. Na reau Crovetha gen gwreg Dean Aral. 8th. Na reau Laddra 9th. Na reau Tia gou vor pidn guz Contrevack 10th. Na reau gauaz hirrath vor ler Chei guz Contrevack [na] hirrath vor ler gwreg guz Contrevack.  Na e gwaz na [e] Moas na e udgian Na e Rozan, Na Traveth es peth eue 2. Wella Rowe (William Kerew)  Gw 97r, 98r, 99r An deeg Lavaraw da Deew Tho ve an Arleth da Deew reg da dry meaze veza  pow Egypt ha veza Choy o Chee Gossel. And God spake all those Words saying, I am the Ld thy God wch brought Thee out of the Land of Egypt out of the House of Bondage.  1,  Na'ra Chee gowas na hene Deew poz Vee, 2,  Na'ra chee geel theeze dah honen image a wethan na mean ew havel da traveth ol eze en Neav a warrah na en 'oare a ollaz na ern Oowre ezeu dadn en ‘oare.  Na ra chee pledgee thenze, Rag ve da Deew  honegath vedn boaze engros gen a chee ha compoza cabm with an zeera war an flehaz da an dridga ha bodwerha heenath a rima ne geeze ort a hara ha shoya bednath war villiaw a aeze ort a kara ha gweetha o lavarow. 3,  Na'ra komerras hannaw Deew en vaine rag na vedn an Arleth gon cawas en paraves rag comeras e hanow en vaine, 4,  Peedere da gwetha an Zeeleva bonegath; whee jorna chee ra geele wheal ha geele a peth ez theeze tha weele,   Rag an zivthaz deeth ew an Zeele an Arleth Deew; eta [ena - written above eta] na ra geall zorth veth a wheele, chee na tha vab, na verth na da dean na da vozo. no gattal, na da dean anketh, na dra eza goye da vozow, Rag an whee jorna an Arleth a wraze Neve han oare ha an mor ha menze ez ena, ha boaz an zithvez deeth, ha'n gwraze ew da 5,  Gwra mere da zeerah ha da Dama, malga da dethow booze heer en powe reg an Taze da Deew ry theeze. 6,  Na'ra chee latha den'eth, 7,  Na'ra chee gorwetha gen gwreg tha contrevack, 8,  Na'ra chee ladra, 9,  Na'ra chee boaz faulz teaze bedn ta contrevack, [tha - written above ta] 10,  Na’ra chee covityah gwreeg da contrevack, na'm chee covityah choye da contrevack, na e gossel, na e voze, na e edgan, na e varth, na traveth al beaw a eve. Deew, A comene massy waren ha screffa da lavarow etta gon colonow, Andelarabo. 3. Thomas Boson, 1710.  Gw 107r, 108r Deag Lavar deu. Deu a Couzas an geryou ma, ha Lavaras, lavaras Tho ve de Arlith Deu 1.  Naras gouas na hene Deu buz ve. 2.  Naras gule do de wynnen tra garoules vith,  na havelle traveth es en Nefe a warrah, po en Nore  a wolas, po en dour dadn an Nore, Narasa plegy Narase en dore dothans, na ge worry Ey, rag ve  de Arlith deu, ome deu o whonen, ha vedne dry pehazo an Tazo war an flehas, treleba a trugga han pagwera henath a nebma na Ello perthe ve, ha disquethas truath do milliou es o Carra ve, ha guetha o Lavarro. 3.  Naras hanwall de Arlith Deu heb oatham,  rag na vedn an Arlith gave do Neb ra E hanwelle heb oatham. 4.  Perh co tra te guetha a Suilhe begenas, Suile wheha de[?th] te ra guile whele, ha guil mens           deth es des do wele, bus an Sithas deth eu an Suil de Arlith deu nena naras gul whele vith, te, na de Mabe, guil, mabe na de Merth, de Guas, na de maiteth, de Chattol,  na an vncouth es guy de yettes, rag an wheha deth,  an Arlith guras Nefe, ha Nore, an More,          nefe ha mens tra es ittanz; ha reg poaz an  sithas deth, ra hedna an Arlith reig guil an sithvas deth benigas ha Euhall benigas; 5.  Grua worry de Taz, ha de vam, mo1 de dethyo                         perthi plegy  [superscript] boz pel En Tereath neba regul de Arlith Due ry dez; tereath 6.  Te naras Latha denvith; 7.  Te naras Crewetha gen grueage de contrevack; 8.  Te naras Laddra; 9.  Te naras ty gou warbedn denvith; x.  Te naras gouas hirrath rag chuy de Contrevack,  na rag  --  g[a] -uas hirrath rag Greage de Contrevack, g[a]uas na E guaz, na Maiteth, na e ouggan, na E Rouzan, e guaz, e rouzan na neb tra es do de Contrevack; Arlith, kebmer Truath war a ny, ha skreofa truath, skreifa ol rima de lavarrow en gen Collonou ny, ny a peige, Amen. laverrou Note on  Gwavas f.108v: The Ten Commandments - Lords pray -- And Creed translated into Conish by Mr. Tho: Boson. anno Dni 1710 4. Anonymous. Gw 106r An Deg Gura: Deu 1 st.  Ti na fedh ken Deu byz me 2 d.  Ti na gura1 dha vynnyn Hil2 terhis3 veth, na Haval der Traveth es en Neu avortha4, na en Aor a Golaz5, na en Dour es dadn an Aor, Ti na ras Pleghe dha rina, na Gura Gurthy6; Rag me Arleth Deu eu Deu Guir a vynnyn; Dha Gura dh'em Pehosou an Tazo var an Fleyas dha an Tredzha, ha an Padzhura Hynyth na el Pertha vi; Diskuetha Triuadh var Miliow neb es kara, ha Kuitha ma gura-Deu. 3 d.  Ti na kameras Hanou an Arleth Deu en Ganau heb Oatham, Rag an Arleth na Sindz' ea heb Peh'; neb es Kamar'e Hanau en Ganou hep Ortham 4th. Ti Ra Kovy8 dha kuitha benigas Dezil; Huih dydh ti gura Huil ha gura mens es dh'ys dha guil, byz an Seithas Dydh eu an zil beniga Arleth Deu, enna ti na Gura ehal a Huil, Ti na gos chattal mab, na goz Merh na Anival goz Guas, na goz Mahtheid, na gos chattal,            Anival [written above chattal] na Dean vncuth, na travith es bar tshei gos Gettes, Rag en huih dydh an Arleth guras an Neu, an Aor, a Mor, ha mens es ena, ha Pouesaz an seithas dydh, rag hedna an Arleth guras an Seithas Jurna beniges, ha Sonaz. 5 th.  Ti guras Gurthy dha goz Sira, ha Dama, Rag goz Dydhiou bos pel var an Tir es Res dh'ys gans Arleth Deu. 6. Ti na ras Lathda Mab Dean 7 Ti na ras Crovetha gans Gureg Dean aal 8 Ti na ras Ladra 9 Ti na ras Tiah Gou erbyn de Kyntrevak 10 Ti na ras Gouas Hirrath va r ler tshei de Kyntrevak [Later insertion: na ras gauas hirrath rag Gurag goz Kontravak] na e Dean Huil, na e Mose Huil, na e udzheon, na e Rozan na travith es peth e'ue pronounce 1 wra 2 weal 3 trehis 4 avorra 5 wolas 6 worthy 7 wra-Deu God's doing 8 kevy 5. T.Boson, J.Boson, O.Pender, W.Gwavas.  Gw 111r,v,112r.  (ed. Gwyk Los). Notes by W.Gwavas. comands - arhadou.  Gurhemynadou or Gura-mynny or deskadureth Deu a Cowzas an Gerriou ryma- ha Lavaraz, Tho ve an Arleth, de Deu. Erel. 1st. Te ra gauas, na +hene Deuyou, buz ve. 2 Na raz geil do de whonnan Tra - Image./ garoules veth, na havell Traveth es Delu, or, Avain en Nefe awartha, po en doar a - Trehez wolaz, po en dower dadn an 'aor dothens na ras plegy an dor +do rina, na - ge 'worry, Rag Tho ve an Arleth, - De Deu, ov Deu guiz a whonnan, ha vedn dry pehazo a'n Tazo war an Flehaz, Treleba an Tridga ha pagwera henath, neb ma na ello pertha ve, ha disquethas truath do Miliou neb es a kara ve, ha gwitha ou Lavarro. 3. Na raz cauas hanno an Arleth do deu heb oatham, rag an Arleth na vedn e kava heb dibeh - + pehaz, neb ra cawas E hanno - heb oatham. 4. Porh Ko tra Te gwitha benigas an Deth Sabbath, wheha dethio - Te ra geil huel, ha geil mens es - des do geil, buz an Seithas deth eu an Sabbath a'n Arleth de Deu, - en-na na ras geil whele veth, Te, ha de Mab, ha de Merh, De Gwaz, ha De Maithez, de Chattall, ha - porthou Dean uncouth, leb es gyi de yettes.        porthou [written above yettes] Rag an wheha dethiou an Arleth guraz Nefe ha'n 'aor, an Mor, ha menz tra es ittanz, ha rig poaz an Seithas deth, rag hedna an Arleth rig geil an - hyula/perthi 5 Gura worry de Taz, ha de Mam, mal de + boz or vo dethio +bêns pel var an Tir neb an bethens heir Arleth de Deu es Reiz dez [? dos] hier or hir + na raz 6 + Te na ra Latha Den veth. 7 Te na raz Crewetha, gen Gurêg, a'n Dean arall - 8 Na raz Laddra 9 Na raz Tiah Gou, warbidn de Contrevack. 10 Te na ra Gauas hirrath, rag Chy de Contrevack, Na raz gauas hirrath, rag Gurêg de Contrevack, na E Dean huêl, na E moze wheal, na E Udzheon, na E Rouzan, na traveth peth eu E. - Arleth kebmer truath war a Ny, ha Sceifa [sic] ol de renna  [ol de renna is scored out] Leha rima De Lavarrou en gyn Collonou ni, Nei a Peige. An dellna ra bo 6. John Keigwin.  Gw113r,113v, 114r An giryow        Me yw an Arluth thy Dew neb war        as droz the ves an Tir Mitzrayim rage an        the ves an chy habadin- dek aradow An dek aradow 1 Te nyn vyth thys dew mes me. 2. Te nyn wra thy honon havalder trehys vyth: nyn havalder a travyth: es yn nef a wartha; nyn oar awolas nyn dowr es yn dan an oar; te nyn ras pleghy the rimma; nyn dege colon dib[u?]r the remma, rag me an Arluth thy dew, yw dew a  sor; ha vyn towle pehosow an tasow war an ffledgiow bys an tresa; han peswera denythyans mes vyn disquethas kerense the millyow an neb es ow kara, ha es gwithe ow germynadow 3 Te nyn ras towle hanna[?]w an Arluth they dew the skul: rag an Arluth nyn syns hemma lehal neb es towle y hannaw the skul. 4 Perh goh the gwithe sans an dyth sabbat sabboth; gw wh[?e]yh dyth te wra whel, hag a wra myns es thys the wyll: mes a sythvas dyth yw an Sabbath an Arluth thy Dew: in dyth na ti nynwra ehan a whill: ty nyn thy vab nyn thy mergh ; nnyn thy den whel; nyn thy moz; ny thy                            [whel - written above moz for insertion]; ny [sic] thy lowdnow; nyn thy dean uncouth: nyn travyth es yn barth chy thy darazou         [?darazow - right margin hidden in binding] rag yn wheyh dyth; Dew a wraz an nef, ha'n oar; han more; ha myns es ythens y; ha powesas an seythvas dyth rag henna ef a benegas an seythvas dyth hag an ughelehas 5 Te ra dege colon debour trog thy Taz, ha thy mam, mollough thy dythyow bos hyr yn tyr es reys thys gans an Arluth thy Dew 6 Te nyn ras latha mab den 7 Te nyn ras cowethe gans gwrek den arall vyth: 8[sic] te nyn ras laddra 9 th  te nyn ras cows ter gow erbyn thy contrevek 10 Te nyn kemer hyrath warlyrgh chy thy contrevek, nyn warl[i?]rgh y gwrek thy wrek, nyn war lyrgh y dean whel: nyn war lyrgh y maythys nyn y u[d/g?]yan nyn y asen na travyth an pew ef Kemer truath a hanyn Dew mer ha scrif ol remma thy haradow parth chy agan colonnow ny thy bys 7, 8. William Pryce, Archeologia Cornu-Britannica, 1790 Two versions, ‘ancient’ (cf Keigwin, no. 6) and ‘modern’. From Davies Gilbert  Creation of the World, 1827, p.194.  [Ancient version] THE TEN COMMANDMENTS, IN CORNISH. [Modern version] THE TEN COMMANDMENTS, IN CORNISH.   AN DEK ARADOW AN DEK GURAMINADOW DEW. Dew a cowzas an gerriow remma halavarraz   I Me yw an Arluth thy Dew, neb es drozthe vez an tyr Mitzraim the ves an chyhabadin. tho ve an Arleth de Dew, neb a d'roz dez vez a'n tyr Mizraim, vez an c'hygwasanaeth.   II Te nyn vyth thys Dewyow eraill mez me. Na ra chec gwas Dewyow eraill mez ve   II The nyn' wra thys honon havalder trehys vyth, nyn havalder a travyth es yn nef a wartha, nyn oar a wollas nyn dowr es yn dan an oar; to nyn ras pleghy the remma, nyn dege colon debar the remma ; rag me an Arluth thy Dew, yw Dew a sor, ha vyn towle pehosow an tarow war a ffledgiow bys an tresa, ha'n peswerra denythyans, mes vyn disquethas kerense, the milliow an nebes ow cara, ha esgwithe ow germynadow.  Na ra chee geil do de honan havaldertrehez vyth, na havalder a'n travyth, es en nef a wartha, po en' oar a wollaz, po en dowr dadn an oar; na ra chee plegy an dor dothynz, na ge worry, rag tho ve an Arleth do Dew, on Dew a syr,t a dry pehazow an tazo war an fflehaz trelebbaan tridga, ha padgwerra henath; nebma na ello pertha ve, ha disquethes truath do milliow neb' ez a cara ve, ha gwitha ow gurhemynadow.    III Te nyn ras towle hannow an Arluth thy Dew the skul, rag an Arluth nyn synchemma Leal, neb es towle y hannow theskul.  Na ra chee kymeraz hanno an Arleth deDew heb otham, rag an Arleth na vednsinzhy  dipeh, neb es komeras e hannoen gwag.   IV Perhgoh the gwithe sanz an dyth Sabboth; whey dythiow te wra whel hag awra myns es thys the' wyll, mez an sythvas dyth yw an Sabboth a°n Arluth thy Dew, yn dyth na te nyn °wra ehan awhel; te nyn thy vab, nyn thy mergh, nyn thy den whel, nyn thy moz whel, nyn thy lodnow, nyn thy dean uncouth, nyn travyth es yn barth chy thy darazow. Rag yn whegh dythyow Dew a' wras an net',ha°n oar, ha'n more ha myns es ythens y, ha poweses an seytheras dyth, hag an ughelchas.  Periko tra chee gwitha sanz an dyth Sabbath, whey dythiow chee' wra wheel, ha' wra mens es deez do geil, mez an seithas dyth yw an Sabbath a'n Arleth de Dew, enna chee ma wra ehana wheel, chee, ha de mab, ha de merh, de gwaz, ha de maithez, de lodnow, ha dean uncouth lebes gyi de porthow. Rag enwhat dythyow, an Arheth a°wraz nef,ha'n oar, an mor, ha mens tra es ettans, ha powesas an seithvas deth, raghedna an Arleth a benigas an seithvas dyth ha rig geil e zanz.    V Te ra dege colon debour trog thy taz, ha thy mam; mollough thy dythyow boz hyr yn tyr, es reys thys ganz an Arluth thy Dew.   Gwra perthy de taz, ha de mam, mal de dythiow bethenz hyr war an tyr, neb an Arleth de Dew ryes dees.     VI Te nyn ras latha mab ben. Na ra chee latha dean veth.   VII Te nyn ras cowetha gans gwrek, den arall vyth.  Na ra chee gorwetha gen gwreg a'n dean arall.    VIII Te nyn ras laddra.   Na ra chee laddra.     IX Te nyn ras cows ger gow erbyn thy contrevak. * * Or gowak.  Na raz tiah gow warbidn de contrevak.     X Te nyn kymmer hyrath warlyrgh chy thy contrevak, nyn warlyrgh y gwrek nyn warlyrgh dean whel, nyn warlyrgh y maythys, nyn y udgian, nyn y a'sen, na na travyth an pew ef. Na ra chee gawas 'whanz warlyrgh chy de contrevak, na ras gawas chwanz warlyrgh gwreg de contrevak, na e doan wheel, na e moze wheal, na e udzheon, na e rounzan, na travyth peth yw e. Kemer truath a honyn Dew mer ha serif ol remma thy haradow parth chy agan colonnow, ny thy bys, Yn hannow a'n taz, ha'n mab, ha'n spyris sans, an dellna ra bo. Arlwyth, kebmer* truath war a ny, ha screpha ol remma de arandow parth chy agan colonow, ny a peidgy thyz, an dellna ra bo.† * Kymer † War Matthew zans pen 19th Gwers, 16, 17, "Mar menta moaz heb dynath dho bew," &c.